With the development of science and technology, the materials people use to build houses are changing at an extremely fast speed. From civil engineering to masonry to reinforced concrete, prefab buildings were created in the hope of finding a way to build more efficiently and cheaply. And it is indeed a historic breakthrough for the development of architecture industrialization.
Compared with traditional cast-in-place reinforced concrete and masonry buildings, prefabricated buildings adopt the construction method that produces building components including beams, slabs, columns and external walls in the factory, and transports them to the site after maintenance and acceptance.
Compared with traditional buildings, prefabricated buildings have the following advantages:
1、Avoid construction waste and environmental pollution. Reduce the noise during construction, reduce the material stacking site, avoid a lot of dust, noise, sewage and so on. For example, cast-in-place, basically used in the past is wood template, now reduce the need for template, will also save some wood.
2、Effectively improve the efficiency of labor production. Prefabricated buildings greatly reduce the labor intensity and time of workers and make cross-work convenient and orderly. After the components are produced, they are pulled to the site for assembly, which reduces part of the working procedure and greatly speeds up the construction progress. The components are produced in the factory, reducing manpower requirements and labor intensity of construction personnel, and are almost unaffected by the weather.
3、Promote the in-depth integration of the construction industry with industrialization and informatization , and ensure the quality of construction. As components are produced in the factory, the quality inspection of components before leaving the factory is checked in accordance with the management system and standard system of the factory, so some check links are added to the production of components, which has a great guarantee for building quality safety. As for the field construction, the overall quality is higher than the cast-in-place because of the establishment of a quality management responsibility system suitable for prefabricated building construction and a series of corresponding tools and machines.
4、New industries will be promoted to generate new driving forces for economic development. In particular, the development of steel structures will play a certain role in reducing the current excess steel production capacity. At the same time, the construction of prefabricated building projects directly drives the development of the whole industrial chain, such as design, construction, parts production, assembly and decoration, equipment manufacturing, transportation and logistics and related supporting facilities.
The tide of the global technological revolution has come, the Chinese dream of prefabricated building, supported by construction, real estate and technology, is being realized, which will surely become an opportunity in the new era.