Recently, the Logistics and Support Department of the Military Commission made arrangements for the deployment of prefabricated buildings in the military ’s military facilities construction projects. Relevant officials said that the promotion of prefabricated buildings is to give full play to the national construction industry ’s technology and industrial advantages, and to promote the construction of military facilities The reform of management mode and the important measures to comprehensively improve the comprehensive support capability of military facilities construction will play a positive role in promoting the transformation and development of military facilities construction.
Prefabricated buildings are the main trend in the development of the construction industry today, with assembly rates in developed countries all above 80%. In China, at the national level, with the acceleration of urbanization, the traditional cast-in-situ building model has large energy consumption, heavy environmental pollution, and poor weather resistance, and it has become difficult to meet the transformation and development needs of the country’s modern construction industry. From the perspective of the military, for a long time, the construction of military facilities has mainly used the traditional construction model mainly based on cast-in-situ construction. For harsh areas with high natural conditions such as high mountains, islands, and plateaus, the effective construction period is short, and the requirements for material site equipment are extremely high. It greatly affects the quality and progress of construction and restricts the completion of construction tasks on schedule. To this end, the relevant departments of the Logistics Support Department of the Military Commission innovate the construction ideas and make full use of the achievements in the national construction field to decide to promote the application of fabricated buildings in military facilities construction projects in the military, and accurately convert combat needs, training needs, and support needs into construction. Demand, so as to maximize the value of military applications of fabricated buildings.
Prefabricated buildings adhere to the principles of combat traction, technological innovation, and integrated design, and implement integrated design for building structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, parts and components, assembly construction, and decoration. The biggest advantage of prefabricated buildings over traditional cast-in-place structures is that Integrated construction of main structure and interior decoration can be carried out in the factory. Through the promotion of generalized, modularized and standardized design methods, the professional collaborative design capabilities of the construction field can be improved. Integrity and impact resistance are the core evaluation indicators of prefabricated buildings. In this regard, prefabricated buildings actively apply BIM technology to accurately install and securely connect components on site. BIM technology’s three-dimensional stereoscopic and refined modeling breaks the tradition The design, production, and installation issues are disconnected. Design requirements, production requirements, and installation requirements are integrated into the BIM model, which greatly improves building quality. At the same time, prefabricated buildings can integrate protection, camouflage, anti-shielding and other technologies into one design and high integration during construction, effectively improving the survivability and practical level of military facilities during wartime.
The Logistics and Support Department of the Military Commission requires that the promotion of prefabricated buildings should adhere to the principle of “piloting first, pushing back later”, and selecting various military facilities with different application conditions in accordance with emergency preparedness, living needs, and technical capabilities, and selecting some projects as Prefabricated application pilots, insist on cooperating with partner companies to advance pilot construction, track and evaluate pilot results, summarize pilot experiences and practices, and simultaneously develop and compile related construction standards in conjunction with pilot construction results.